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Wednesday, May 20, 2020 | History

5 edition of short treatise on the destructive distillation of bituminous coal. found in the catalog.

short treatise on the destructive distillation of bituminous coal.

With reference to the United-Otto system of by-product coke ovens.

by United Coke and Gas Company, New York.

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  • 5 Currently reading

Published by The United Coke and Gas Company in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Coke-ovens,
  • Gas manufacture and works

  • Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTP761.C6 U5
    The Physical Object
    Pagination146 p.
    Number of Pages146
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL6965231M
    LC Control Number06003110
    OCLC/WorldCa4926948

      Destructive distillation of coal is basically done by the combination of coal and, optionally, added water in an airtight column (usually filled with inert gas) with the bottoms heated to temperatures above C, typically higher. As volatile prod. Tar Oils Tar oils are obtained from tar, being the result of the destructive distillation of wood and bituminous coal. Wood is distilled in iron retorts and in covered heaps or pits to obtain thereby the resulting charcoal.

    By connecting the retort with condensing vessels, by means of good-sized exit tubes, the various volatile products may be collected, and subsequently separated by fractional distillation and otherwise. The manufacture of illuminating gas illustrates the destructive distillation of bituminous coal . Define destructive distillation. destructive distillation synonyms, destructive distillation pronunciation, destructive distillation translation, English dictionary definition of destructive distillation. destructive distillation In the destructive distillation of powdered coal, heated coal turns to coke, ammonia dissolves in water to form an.

    Coal tar pitch volatiles (CTPV) are the result of destructive distillation of bituminous coal. These CTPVs often contain polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PNA's), which sublime readily and are carcinogenic. Other examples of substances that are commonly destructively distilled to extract chemicals and other materials include.   The first iteration of manufactured gas technology S-curved and peaked between the late 's through early 's, and you might consider researching books written then, for instance, The United Coke and Gas Company volume, "A Short Treatise on the Destructive Distillation of Bituminous Coal", or Google Books scans of the Gas Journal.


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Short treatise on the destructive distillation of bituminous coal by United Coke and Gas Company, New York. Download PDF EPUB FB2

A short treatise on the destructive distillation of bituminous coal. With reference to the United-Otto system of by-product coke ovens by United Coke and Gas Company, New YorkPages: THREE TYPES OF APPARATUS USED IN THE DESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF COAL. T^HERE are three forms in which the destructive distillation of coal is practiced on a large commercial scale in this country, namely: 1.

The bee-hive coke overiy for coke alone. The coal gas retorty chiefly for illuminating gas (coke and by-products of subordinate value). Short treatise on the destructive distillation of bituminous coal. New York, The United Coke and Gas Company, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: United Coke and Gas Company.

OCLC Number: Description: pages illustrations, diagrams 30 cm. A short treatise on the destructive distillation of bituminous coal. With reference to the United-Otto system of by-product coke ovens. By New York. United Coke and Author: New York. United Coke and Gas Company. Explain destructive distillation of Coal.

Answer: The destructive distillation of coal can be carried out in the laboratories. Finely powdered coal is taken in a test tube and heated. At a particular temperature, coal breaks down to produce coke, coal tar, ammonia and coal gas. Coal and Petroleum Class 8 Science Chapter 5 as per NCERT Book used in CBSE and other Schools.

The lesson covers the complete explanation of class 8 Chapter 5 Coal and covered are types of natural resources, fossil fuels, destructive distillation, energy and environment.

Thus, refinery asphalt, tar, and pitch are manufactured products and it is incorrect to refer to native bituminous materials as tar or pitch—the word tar is descriptive of the black, heavy bituminous material produced in the destructive distillation of such organic substances as coal, and pitch is the distillation residue of the various types of tar (Speight, d, ).

Destructive Distillation of Coal. When coal is heated without air, it does not burn but produces many by-products. This process of heating coal in the absence of air is called destructive distillation of coal. The main by products are: coke; coal tar; amino acid liquor; coal gas; The destructive distillation of coal can be carried out in the laboratory.

The various products of coal which are obtained after the destructive distillation of coal are; 1. coal tar gas 3.

coke Coal tar is a black liquid with an unpleasant is a mixture of as many as compounds. compounds obtained such as benzene, toluene,phenol etc are used for making medicines, dyes, paints, pesticides etc.

Destructive distillation of wood produces hundreds of compounds including tar, terpenes, turpentine and methanol together with a solid residue of charcoal. Destructive distillation of a tonne of coal can produce kg of coke, liters of liquor ammonia, 50 liters of coal tar and m 3 of coal gas.

dealing with coal tar. United Coke & Gas Co., and "Production of Illuminating Gas from Coke Ovens" "A Short Treatise on the Destructive Distillation of Bituminous Coal" The Company, NYC, NY.

16 p.p. United Engineers & Constructors, "A Manual of Gas Distribution" The Company, NYC, NY (UGI subsidiary) By W. Forstall, noted. Ans: The gaseous product obtained by the destructive distillation of coal is called coal gas.

The constituents of coal gas are hydrogen, methane and carbon monoxide. Q Name the black residue left behind in the glass tube during destructive distillation of coal.

Excerpt from The Carbonisation of Coal: A Scientific Review of the Formation, Composition and Destructive Distillation of Coal for Gas, Coke and by-ProductsAuthor: Vivian Byam Lewes.

Coal and Petroleum Class 8 Extra Questions Science Chapter 5 Coal and Petroleum Class 8 Extra Questions Very Short Answer Questions. Question 1. Name some renewable sources of energy.

The two important products obtained from the destructive distillation of coal are: Coal gas and coal tar. The residue left in this process is coke. (2) Coal tar (liquid): Coal tar is a mixture of different carbon compounds. It thick, black liquid with unpleasant smell. The fractional distillation of coal tar gives many chemical substances which are used in the preparation of dyes, explosives, paints, synthetics fibers, drugs, and pesticides.

Coal tar is a dark black liquid produced during the destructive distillation of mineral coal. It is composed of different types of organic compounds. In olden times, it was used in the preparation of organic compounds such as explosives, dyes, drugs and pesticides. ents on destructive distillation.

Mixtures of a petroleum oil and bituminous coal were first distilled under carefully controlled conditions, and then charges of the same oil and coal were distilled separately under similar conditions.

The quantity and quality of the distillation products were determined, and results were compared. Coke, coal gas, gas carbon, coal tar, Buckminsterfullerene, ammonia liquor, and "coal oil" historically, are examples of commercial products of the destructive distillation of coal.

Destructive. Carbonization of coal. carbonization Coal carbonization is the process for producing metallurgical coke for use in iron-making blast furnaces and other metal smelting processes.

The process of converting coal into coke is called as carbonization of coal. heat treatment of coal in absence of air so that the coal decomposes produced. Solid fuel-coke Liquid fuel-coal tar Gaseous.

Many coal derivatives are produced indirectly by the destructive distillation of bituminous coal. This process takes place in the absence of oxygen (within an airtight oven) and prevents the coal from burning.

The remaining material, coke, is nearly pure carbon. It is the most widely used coal derivative and is burned by mills to change ore. In this country, indeed, only in connection with the pro- duction of the gaseous products of the distillation.

It is of this third class of products of the destructive distillation of bituminous coal, much more complex and, perhaps, for that reason much less known than the other two classes, that we wish particularly to speak this evening.4. Oldest variety of coal. 5.

Fossil fuels. 6. A foul smelling liquid mined from earth. 7. A combustibe gas which comes out along with petroleum from the oil wells. 8. A combustible gas obtained by the destructive distillation of coal. 9. A fuel for heavy vehicles.

The useful products obtained from the petroleum. Different varieties of.destructive distillation: Process in which a solid material (usually coal or wood) is heated at high temperature out of contact with air to make coke, coal tar, or charcoal.

It is called 'destructive' because the chemical composition of the end product is distinctly different from that of the input material. See also fractional distillation.